Choose a topic from the following list (Research Questions) as the subject of your Homework. After researching subject, write a “research paper”, no more than 10 pages. Use four academic sources (books and journals) at least in the paper. The homework is due January 05, 2022. No homework will be accepted after this date.

You are required to upload your homework to TURNITIN until the deadline. Homework only uploaded to TURNITIN will be considered.

S覺n覺f Ad覺:                   PSI 401 Homework 2021 – 2022

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Kay覺t Anahtar覺:          05012022

For further information on “how to write a paper”, please examine “Writing a Research Paper” section, following the “Research Questions”.

Research Questions

What is 'Europe' politically?

What does neo-functionalism mean by political integration?

To what extend has the enlargement process become politicized over time?

How can we explain the emergence of the EU as a security and defence actor?

How do CSDP missions and operations contribute to international security?

Does the EU Global Strategy provide the EU with a comprehensive strategic document?

What will be the likely impact of the EU’s foreign and security policy?

What kind of actor is the EU in the international system?

Can the EU achieve further integration without a federation?

What are the effects of Brexit on the European Union?

What are the main differences between the EU competences?

What are the key characteristics of the EU’s response to the euro crisis?

How political an actor is the European Court of Justice?

Is the enlargement of the EU inevitable?

Consider the various attitudes towards the CFSP and CSDP and discuss their likely future.

What institutional reforms have occurred since the euro crisis?

‘Europe will be forged in crises, and will be the sum of the solutions adopted for those crises’ (Monnet 1976).  Discuss.

(The Research Questions are extracted by Michelle Cini and Nieves Perez-Solorzano Borragan. “European Union Politics”, 6th Edition, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2019).

Writing a Research Paper

Order in a Paper

Abstract: One paragraph synopsis of your research project that includes: your research question; the importance of studying this question; the project format; conclusions reached from the evidence.

Introduction: General information about the topic, including a brief history; overview of how your paper structurally unfolds.

Case Presentation, Analysis and Discussion of Findings: Presentation of the cases that sets out the context; followed by a discussion of evidence and the response to the research question.

Conclusion: Discussion of the importance of your findings.

Bibliography or Reference List: The sources you used in the paper.

Guide for Writing Papers

1. The paper must have a title page, which includes the title of the paper, instructor’s name, course, date, and student’s name.

2. The pages of the paper must be numbered, excluding the title page. Use one-inch (2.54 cm) margins all around.

3. The type must be of sufficient quality and size that it can be easily read (Font Size: 12 points, Times New Roman, Line Spacing: 1.5, Justified Paragraphs). Use the same type size and style throughout (except for bold or italics meant to emphasize a word or phrase).

4. Grammar and spelling must be correct. Use a dictionary or “spell-check”. Remember, a spell-check program catches only typographical errors. It will not catch homonyms such as “their”, “they’re”, and “there”, nor will it catch misused words, such as “disinterested” when you mean “uninterested”.

5. Paragraphs must be used appropriately. A paragraph is meant to express a complete thought or idea. All sentences within the paragraph must be related to the single unifying idea. Three or four paragraphs per page are normal. Start a new paragraph when you start a new idea or shift to a new subject.

6. Avoid plagiarism. It refers to presenting the words and actions of others –whether established authors or your peers – as if they were your own. It means you have quoted or summarized something without attributing it to the appropriate source. You must acknowledge the source, either through an appropriately structured quotation or by paraphrasing and citing the material. Ethics, as well as the laws of copyright, requires authors to identify their sources, particularly when quoting directly from them.

7. As the notation system, use “footnote” which means that the reference should be placed at the bottom of the page. The first footnote reference to a source should contain all the bibliographic information necessary to identify it. The second and subsequent references to a particular source may be abbreviated by using Latin abbreviations such as ibid and op. cit.

Ibid. is the abbreviation of ibidem and means “in the same place”. You use ibid for a reference entry when the citation is the same as the previous footnote. If the page number is different, you include the page number of the new entry after ibid. It saves you writing out the full reference again; for example:

  1. Kramer, Heinz. “Turkey and the EU: EU’s Perspective”, Insight Turkey, Volume 8, Number 4 (October-December, 2006), p. 25
  2. Ibid.
  3. Ibid., p.86.

Op. cit. is an abbreviation of opera citato that means “in the work cited”. It is used together with the author’s name and page number when the full reference has already been cited. For example:

  1. Kramer, Heinz. “Turkey and the EU: EU’s Perspective”, Insight Turkey, Volume 8, Number 4 (October-December, 2006), p. 25
  2. Inalcik, Halil. Turkey and Europe in History, Istanbul, Eren Press, 2006), p.183.
  3. Kramer, op.cit., p. 97
  4. Inalcik, op.cit., p. 185.

8. At the end of the paper, you must include a complete listing of all sources used in the essay. It should include only works referred to in the text and should be titled: References. References should be listed in alphabetical order, according to the author’s last name. For multiple authors of same publication, first author is last name first; subsequent authors are first name first. Include the following information: author’s or editor’s name(s); title; editor or translator, where applicable; edition (if not the first); volume number, where applicable; series title, where applicable, facts of publication (city, publisher, date); page numbers (only for footnotes in the article).


            To cite books:

Leventhal, Paul L. and Sharon Tanzer, eds. Averting a Latin American Nuclear Arms Race: New Prospects and Challenges for Argentine-Brazil Nuclear Cooperation. New York: St. Martin’s, 1992

Aliber, Robert Z. The International Money Game. 5th ed. New York: Basic Books, 1987

To cite a journal article:

Ashley, Richard K. and R. B. J. Walker. “Speaking the Language of Exile: Dissident Thought in International Studies”. International Studies Quarterly 34 (3), 1990